Now that we know what Linux is , it’s time to learn how to install Linux on the computer and what Linux distribution we should use. Let’s start by understanding what a Linux distribution is .
In this tutorial we learn –
- What is a Linux distribution?
- How many Linux distributions are there?
- The best Linux distribution!
- Install Linux with a USB stick
- Installation of Linux via CD-ROM
- Install Linux using a virtual machine
What is a Linux distribution?
Well, the way you know that Linux is open source, the kernel can be used for free, It is used by programmers, organizations, for-profit and nonprofit companies around the world Create operating systems that meet their individual requirements .
To prevent hacking attempts, many companies keep their Linux operating systems private.
Many others make their Linux variants publicly available for the whole world to benefit from.
These versions / types / types of Linux operating systems are called distributions.
How many Linux distributions are there?
There are hundreds of Linux operating systems or distributions available these days. Many of them are designed for a specific purpose. For example, a Web server or on network switches such as routers, modems etc.
The latest example of one of the most popular smartphones Linux distribution is Android!
Many of these distributions are designed specifically for this offering excellent personal computing ,
Here are some popular Linux distributions (including Linux Distro ) : –
|ArcLinux||This Linux Distro is popular among developers. It is a self-developed system. It is designed for users who want to start their own business.|
|CentOS||CentOS is one of the most widely used Linux distributions for enterprise and web servers. It is a free enterprise-class operating system and is heavily based on Red Hat Enterprise Distro .|
|Debian||Debian is a stable and popular non-commercial Linux distribution. It is widely considered a desktop – Linux Distro and is user-oriented used. It deals exclusively with the Linux protocols.|
|Fedora||Another Linux – kernel – based Distribution, Fedora is going through the fedora – Project, a undertaking from Red Hat supported. It is popular with desktop users. His versions are known for their short life cycle.|
|Gentoo||It’s a source-based distribution, so you’ll need to configure the code on your system before you can install it. It’s not for Linux beginners, but for experienced users it’s certainly fun.|
|LinuxMint||It is one of the most popular desktop distributions available. It was launched in 2006 and is today considered the fourth most popular operating system in the computer world.|
|OpenSUSE||It is easy to use and a good alternative to MS Windows. It can be easily set up and run on small computers with outdated configurations.|
|RedHat Enterprise||Another popular enterprise-based Linux distribution is Red Hat Enterprise. Its was developed from Red Hat Linux, which was discontinued in 2004. It is a commercial one distribution and at theirs Customer very popular.|
|Slackware||Slackware is one of the oldest Linux kernel-based operating systems. It’s another simple desktop distribution. The goal is to be a “Unix-like” operating system with minimal changes to the kernel.|
|Ubuntu||This is the third most popular desktop operating system after Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS. It is based on the Debian Linux distribution and is known as a desktop environment.|
The best Linux distribution!
The best term is relative. Each Linux distribution was created for a specific purpose to meet the needs of the target users.
The desktop distributions are available for free on their respective websites. You might want to try them one after another until you know which distribution you like best . Each of them has its own unique design, applications and security.
We will use Ubuntu for our learning purpose because it is easy to understand for beginners.
Let’s look at the different methods we can use to install Ubuntu.
Install Linux with a USB stick
This is one of the easiest ways to install Ubuntu or any distribution on your computer. Follow the steps.
Step 1) Download the .iso or the OS files on your computer from this link
Step 2) Download free software like that Universal USB Installer down to create a bootable USB stick
Step 3) Select an Ubuntu distribution from the drop-down menu to put it on your USB stick
Choose in step 1 your Ubuntu ISO file download.
Select the drive letter from USB to install Ubuntu and click the Create button.
Step 4) Click Yes to install Ubuntu on USB.
Step 5) After this everything has been installed and configured, a small window appears. Congratulations! You have Ubuntu now on a USB flash drive that is bootable and ready to use.
Installation of Linux via CD-ROM
Those who like how a CD works should try this method.
Step 1) Download the . iso or the OS files on your computer via this link http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop ,
Step 2) Burn the files to a CD.
Step 3) Start your computer from the optical drive and follow the instructions.
Install Linux using a virtual machine
This is a popular method for installing a Linux operating system. The virtual installation gives you the freedom to run Linux on an existing operating system, which isalready installed on your computer. So if you use Windows, you can just run Linux with a click of a button.
Software for virtual machines like Oracle VM can install Ubuntu in easy steps. Let’s look at them.
Here are the short steps
PART A) Download and install the Virtual Box
Download the Virtual Box here
Depending on the processor and operating system, select the appropriate package. In our case , we chose Windows with AMD
Once the download is complete, open the Setup file and perform the following steps:
Step 1) click on Continue
Step 2) Select the directory in which VirtualBox to be installed, and click Next
Step 3) Select the desktop icon and click Next. Now click Yes
Step 4) Click on installation.
Step 5) Now begins the installation of the virtual box. When you are done, click Finish to start Virtual Box.
The Virtual Box dashboard looks like this:
PART B) Download Ubuntu
Visit this link to download Ubuntu.
You can choose 32/64-bit versions according to your wishes.
PART C) Create a machine in the virtual box
Step 1) Open the virtual box and click the New button
Step 2) In the next window enter the name of your operating system that you install in the virtual box. And choose OS like Linux and version as Ubuntu 32 bit And click Next Button
Step 3) Now assign ram size to your virtual operating system. I recommended keeping 1024 MB (1 GB) of RAM to run Ubuntu better. And click Next Button
Step 4) Now to run the operating system in the virtual box, we need to create a virtual disk, click Create a virtual disk now and click the Create button.
The virtual disk contains the operating system installation files and the data / applications you create / install on this Ubuntu computer
Step 5) Select the VHD (Virtual Hard Disk) option and click Next.
Step 6) Click Assigned to Dynamic, and then click Next. This means that the size of the hard disk increases dynamically as required.
Step 7) Assign memory to your virtual hard disk 8GB recommended. Click the Create button.
Step 8) Now you can see the machine name in the left pane
This is a machine (PC) with 8GB hard disk 1GB RAM ready.
PART D) Install Linux Ubuntu on the computer
Step 1) Select the machine and click on Start
Step 2) Select the folder option
Step 3) Select the Ubuntu ISO file
Step 4) Click Start
Step 5) You have the ability to run Ubuntu WITHOUT installation. In this tutorial Ubuntu will be installed
Step 6) Click on Continue.
Step 7) Select the option to delete the disk and install Ubuntu and click Install Now. This option installs Ubuntu on our virtual disk we created earlier. It will not harmyour PC or your Windows installation
Step 8) Select your location for the time zone setup and click Next
Step 9) Select your keyboard layout. By default , English (US) is selected. However, if you want to change it, you can select it from the list. And click Next
Step-10) Choose your Username and Password for your Ubuntu Administrator account. This information was needed to install a software package in Ubuntu and to log in to your operating system. Enter your details and select the “Automatically log in” check box to ignore the login attempt and click Continue.
Step-11) The installation process begins. Can take up to 30 minutes. Please wait until the installation process is completed .
Step-12) To completion of the installation will be displayed on Ubuntu Desktop.
- An operating system is based on the Linux – Kernel is a distribution or called Distro
- There are hundreds of distributions are available, some of which were developed exclusively for the operation of servers, as network switches, etc..
- It ‘s hard to name the best Linux distribution because it’s designed for a variety of purposes.
- Linux can be installed on your system using the following methods:
- USB stick
- Live CD
- Virtual installation
Also See :
- An Introduction to Linux Operating System
- Learn 30+ Basic Linux Commands for Beginners
- What is SUDO Command in Linux?